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Saturday, 29 August 2015

Marine Energy: Harnessing the power of the sea

Alongside wind, marine energy is one of the renewable energy markets currently dominated by the UK with around 10MW of wave and tidal energy being tested in waters around the country.

Friday, 28 August 2015

UK Feed-in Tariff cuts will kill off the majority of FiT projects says Fisher German consultancy

If implemented, the UK governments proposed cost control measures on FiTS threaten to trigger an immediate ‘lights out’ for the majority of UK renewable energy projects warns the consultancy company.

The eight most stupid things about the UK solar cuts, according to Friends of the Earth

There’s not enough money to play with in the first place, because of George Osborne.   
Begin at the beginning. The Chancellor’s antipathy towards renewable energy is legend. Back in 2011 his Treasury muscled into DECC’s turf and imposed an arbitrary, immovable cap on spending on renewablesThat budget being apparently near its limit is the cause of everything that’s going on here – even though the actual budget is far bigger than FITs alone.  
It’s good to keep an eye on costs, of courseBut Mr Osborne’s playing hard-ball. He’s only letting DECC have £100 million to play with to fund all new installations between 2016 and March 2019. Laughable peanuts.  
(Tax breaks to North Sea oil and gas, by the way, were worth £1 billion in 2013-14 alone).  
A Martian would say: that’s a shame, eh. Can’t you give that a little bit more money, rather than chopping off its legs just as it’s getting going?  To which Mr Osborne would say, go away, Martian: I’ve got some fracking to force through.  

The new tariff rates are so low you may as well not bother  
We’d all gritted our teeth in expectation of 50% cuts to the FIT. What we actually got, for the kind of solar you might actually put on your roof, was closer to 90%. Aargh.  
As of right now, householders get 12.47p per unit (kWh) of energy they generate. That lets you pay back your panels in about, say, nine years. But what new folk will get from January 2016 is 1.63p.  Less than two pence per unit! That’s not a subsidy. It’s an insult.  Cuts to other scales of solar, and other technologies, are similarly wretched.  

The only people that’ll bother now will be hippies in Totnes   
DECC promises that “well-sited” solar panels will still attract investment. Oh yeah?  
Right then. What does “well-sited” mean? Get this: it means just the south-west of England. Sorry, Scotland! Bad luck, Manchester! Your fault for not being better-sited. Ha ha, eh?  
The tariffs have been set to “work” only for the very sunniest bits of the UK.  And they don’t work even there. By DECC’s own admission, rooftop solar won’t actually make you any profit even after 20 years, even if you do live in Penzance.  
So who’s going to bother? Only people that don’t care about financial return and just really, really like the planet (“motivated by sustainability” in DECC jargon). And/or who live on the English Riviera.  

Community energy needed this like a kick in the undercarriage  
Community energy is great. In Germany more than half of its zonking great renewable energy capacity is owned by individuals, families, towns, farms or other collectives of people bundling their money together.  
Just 18 months ago the UK Government promised a community energy “revolution” in the UK. So much for that.  
DECC admits the FIT cuts will mean curtains for most community energy schemes.  Just like with those households in Truro, the ones that do make it through will need to be motivated by an “altruistic, energy saving” objective – ie, it’ll lose money.  

The Government hasn’t worked out how many jobs it’ll cost  
DECC’s cuts will see the best part of one million (!) fewer renewable installations in the UK between now and 2020. 
Amazingly DECC haven’t done the sums on how many actual jobs this will cost, other than there being “likely to be a negative impact on existing jobs in the renewable electricity generation sector.”  Thanks for that.  Bit cavalier though eh, given the need for decent jobs in towns and cities across the UK.   
Oh, and not only has DECC not worked this out, but it hasn’t built into its economic calculations the huge loss of tax income and increase in dole payments to which this’ll lead. Which, given the thousands and thousands of jobs in the sector, could be massive. I’d wager it might even outweigh the measly cost of preserving a decent FIT (see #7).  

Yeah, not great news for climate change either  
These cuts mean less renewable energy, which means more energy from fossil fuels, which means more carbon emissions. About 1.6 million tonnes more, to be precise. Which is something like putting 300,000 cars back onto the roads for a year. Great.   

All to save £6 a year 
And what’s it all for – this destruction of an industry, the mass unemployment, the increased carbon emissions and the huge step back in clean energy?  
It’ll save you about £1 a year off your energy bill in 2016, rising to £6 a year by 2020.  
The Government hyperbole about ‘hard working consumers’ is completely out of whack with the reality of how much helping people install renewable energy actually costs. A more sensible and fair thing to do, if lopping a few quid off bills really is the government’s prime concern, would be to pay for the difference out of general Government spending instead.

And what if it’s all just a precursor to closing FITs entirely in a few months 
The Government says that if these new plans don’t work – if that paltry £100 million I talked about earlier is all used up – then it’ll just flat out end FITs from January 2016. Finished. Nada.  Zero pence.   

And hmm. That’s exactly what’s going to happen, isn’t it? People are going to rush to install solar in the coming weeks while it still makes vague financial sense to do so. It’s the rational thing to do. And so what’ll happen is that the money will run out. Which means: bye-bye, Feed-in Tariff.
Proposing measly new FITs means that inevitably, there’ll be a rush on. At which point DECC will take away their ball and go home, shutting FITs forever. 

Which would certainly keep Mr Osborne happy.  

Thursday, 27 August 2015

Renewable support cuts put thousands of jobs and local power at risk says RegenSW

Responding to the publication today of the government's Feed-in Tariff Review Merlin Hyman, chief executive of Regen SW [1] said: "Today's announcement puts at risk thousands of jobs and will undermine the opportunity for local people, businesses and communities to take control of the way we generate, use and supply energy”.

“Because of the Feed-in Tariff communities and businesses up and down the country have had the opportunity to harness their own natural energy resources, helping to reduce and localise energy spend, tackle fuel poverty and generate an income to re-invest in the local area. The government’s focus should be on supporting this ‘people power’ and reducing consumers' exposure to volatile fossil fuel prices – not simply cutting costs.”

We share the government's ambition to reduce and eliminate subsidies but these proposals put at risk the remarkable progress the renewable energy industry is making with deployment and cost reductions."

Alistair Macpherson, CEO of Plymouth Energy Community said: "Through two highly successful community share offers, we have raised nearly £1.5 million in community investment, resulting in 29 schools and community buildings benefiting from free solar PV, with more to come. These schemes generate a vital long-term community benefit fund to ensure longevity for PEC’s work reducing fuel poverty and carbon emissions in Plymouth. None of what we have achieved would have been possible without renewable energy support systems. In the future, solar will no doubt be free from direct support, but we need a stable pathway to get there."

Fred Barker from Bude Energy Community said: "Bude Community Power was formally established in April 2015 and has identified a potential portfolio of solar PV projects of at least 800 kW capacity. Recent and proposed government policy changes make it far less likely that we will be able to establish and develop our portfolio, due to the uncertainty relating to Feed-in Tariff levels. Our aim is to develop a better energy future, with more community benefits, lower energy bills and greater independence for the Bude area, but the changes are undermining our efforts’.

Gabriel Wondrausch, managing director of Sungift Solar, said: "these proposals will put back achieving subsidy free solar power by many years, this is bad for consumers and will put up the costs of meeting our renewable energy targets”. 
A review of the Feed-in Tariff Scheme, the Government’s subsidy scheme for generation of renewable electricity from small-scale installations.

UK government review of solar Feed-in Tariffs threatens possible closure of the scheme

Tuesday, 25 August 2015

US Energy chief says solar doesn't need subsidies to grow

The head of the US Energy Department says solar energy will continue to grow even without federal energy subsidies that begin phasing out at the end of next year.

Midsummer granted a loan for thin film manufacturing equipment

Solar energy company Midsummer, has received a loan of 10 million Swedish Krona (SEK) from the Swedish regional development agency to support its manufacturing of equipment for thin-film solar cells production.

Capacity of UK anaerobic digestion sector surges beyond 500 MWe

The UK’s anaerobic digestion (AD) industry is now delivering a total electrical equivalent capacity (electricity and biomethane) of 514 MW across 411 plants in the farming, waste and water sectors.

Monday, 24 August 2015

UK government accused of running flawed Feed-in Tariff consultation

The Renewable Energy Association (REA), RenewableUK and the Anaerobic Digestion and Bioresources Association (ABDA) have all accused the UK government of running a flawed Feed-in Tariff consultation.

"The UK's leading renewable energy trade bodies have formally complained to the Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC), accusing it of trying to rush through "damaging" changes to the popular feed-in tariff subsidy scheme.

Renewable UK, the Renewable Energy Association (REA), British Hydropower Association, and Anaerobic Digestion and Bioresources Association (ABDA), have all accused DECC of failing to comply with Whitehall best practices, when the department launched a four-week consultation during summer recess without publishing an impact assessment alongside it.

In the consultation, which officially closed yesterday, DECC proposed removing a key element of the feed-in tariff policy, known as pre-accreditation, which sets the level of subsidy a project can expect to receive before it is built. The measure gives certainty that a project will be protected from any cuts to the subsidy rate for 12 months of the construction phase.

The government wants to remove pre-accreditation as an emergency measure to reduce the attractiveness of small-scale renewable energy technologies, ahead of a full-scale review of the feed-in tariff scheme later this year.

DECC argues the changes are required to ease pressure on the UK's levy control framework (LCF) clean energy subsidy budget, which officials fear could overshoot its target by £1.5bn by 2020. Government figures suggest that feed-in tariff spending could nearly double from £1.1bn this year to £2.1bn in 2020/2021.

DECC also argues the feed-in tariff policy is overachieving on its goals, as it has already delivered more than 700,000 renewable energy installations against an expectation of 750,000 by 2020.
But the letter sent on Tuesday, which is also signed by the Solar Trade Association, Scottish Renewables, and Community Energy England, argues DECC is trying to rush the changes through without proper scrutiny by launching the consultation in the middle of the summer holidays.
It says the policy should have been at least 12 weeks to give all interested parties sufficient time to respond.

The trade associations also complained that the consultation lacked an accompanying impact assessment, which made it "impossible" for respondents to answer the consultation questions appropriately.

Supporters of the current policy argue it is critical for mobilising investment in small-scale renewables projects from community groups and businesses – sectors ministers have previously said they want to see stepping up investment in clean energy capacity. Industry insiders fear without pre-accreditation financial directors will be reluctant to sign off investments in new renewables projects, because of the risk that even minor project delays could result in installations receiving a lower level of incentive payments than expected.

Separately, RenewableUK said its members had already reported a hiatus in project development and were struggling to secure financing as a result of the changes.

"Renewable energy projects are unlike fossil fuel projects," RenewableUK states in its official consultation response. "There is not a cheap upfront cost followed by an expensive fluctuating operating cost that can simply be passed on to customers as and when commodity prices increase.

"Renewable energy projects have a one-off upfront cost, and require some degree of certainty as to the income that they will receive for the energy generated once in operation, in order to judge the viability of the project."

RenewableUK also accused the government of using "a false argument" by claiming pre-accreditation is to blame for surges in feed-in tariff spending. It said that in fact the opposite was true, and that the mechanism gave the government greater visibility over the future project pipeline.
Individual developers have also complained about the changes. Brett Pingree at Endurance Wind Power said farmers would be hit particularly hard by the removal of pre-accreditation.

"Even small wind projects take a long time to install because of lead times involved in securing planning approval and grid connection, as well as weather and periods of site inaccessibility such as during planting, growing and harvest seasons," he said. "For this reason, the 12-month allowance to complete the project becomes critical for arranging finance, as without the assurance of the FIT rate, banks will not provide loans."

Along with the rest of the industry, Pingree says the government should introduce the changes at the same time as the upcoming wider feed-in tariff review, to provide more certainty to investors about the future shape of the policy.

A spokeswoman for DECC was formulating a response to BusinessGreen's request for comment at the time of publication.

Canberra to be the first capital powered entirely by renewables by 2025

The Australian Capital Territory (ACT) government has announced that Canberra will become the world’s first capital, and the largest city in Australia, to be powered entirely by renewables by 2025.

Saturday, 22 August 2015

Where do we go from here: An exciting future for UK renewable energy?

The government's cuts to renewable energy subsidies in the UK were greeted with a howl of outrage by the industry, but there may be other ways in which the sector can grow and develop....

Wednesday, 19 August 2015

6 Major Benefits of Buying an Electric Vehicle

Electric Vehicles (EV’s) are increasing in popularity all around the world. Despite some concerns about range and speed of charging, many if not most of the major vehicle manufacturers are introducing them.

Tuesday, 18 August 2015

Seven benefits of microgrids

A Microgrid is a group of energy sources located in the same local area that is in turn connected into the national grid while also being able to disconnect from it and operate independently, for example in the event of an electricity outage.

Sheffield University researchers find new way to reduce wind energy costs

Engineers from the University of Sheffield have developed a novel technique to predict when bearings inside wind turbines will fail which could make wind energy cheaper.

Wednesday, 12 August 2015

The Mayor of Greenwash: How serious is Boris Johnson about greening London?

London Mayor Boris Johnson's green programme does indeed appear to have been successful in certain areas, notably green transport and energy efficiency. However, his early attempts at shedding a reputation for climate change scepticism haven’t, yet, been successful, and they are not likely to be eased by any future remarks about fracking or continued lethargy on renewable energy, particularly rooftop solar. So how green is he really?

Interview with Professor Stephen Bennington of Cella Energy: Plastic energy – Making hydrogen easier and safer to use

Cella Energy has developed a proprietary process that combines hydrogen-rich material with a polymer in order to create a solid form of hydrogen that resembles plastic. In its solid state, this material is more stable and therefore is easier to use as a clean power source for a whole range of applications, from UAVs to airplaces to cars.

Tuesday, 11 August 2015

Energy & Environment Dates 2012